Sports injuries affect the joints, bones, and connective tissues that make up your musculoskeletal system. Common types include:
Ligament sprains, strained muscles, fractures, and torn cartilage are all common types of acute sports injuries. Meniscal, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and medial collateral ligament (MCL) tears affect the knees, rotator cuff tears affect your shoulder, and labral tears can occur in your shoulder or hip.
Repetitive strain injuries
Repetitive strain injuries tend to occur when you make the same movement many times over months or years. Medial epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow) and lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) are examples of tendon injuries that develop from repeatedly swinging a golf club or tennis racquet.
The kinds of sports injuries that might affect you depend on the type of sport you play. For example, acute fractures of the lower extremities (leg, knee, ankle, and foot) are more common in fast-paced close contact games like football, ice skating, and hockey.
If you use your arms a great deal as you would when playing basketball or practicing gymnastics, shoulder injuries like rotator cuff tears and dislocations are more likely.